«Мы и они»: Русскоязычные покидают Казахстан

Исход россиян из Казахстана стал массовым через две недели после отставки первого президента страны Нурсултана Назарбаева, пишет «Лента.ру».

По словам автора публикации, покидать Казахстан начали не только россияне, но и русскоязычные этнические казахи, причем эмигрируют главным образом высококвалифицированные люди с доходом, превышающим средний.

Массовым это явление сделала отставка Назарбаева. О ней первый президент Казахстана объявил всего лишь 19 марта.

Журналист объясняет это тем, что Назарбаев был гарантом национального мира в очевидно расслоившейся стране — население Казахстана делится на русскоязычных и казахоязычных.

«Обычно» русскоязычные богаче, казахоязычные — беднее, русскоязычные — современнее, казахоязычные — «архаичнее».

Противоречия между ними копились годами, а «резко сконцентрировались» после убийства казахоязычными молодыми людьми русскоязычного фигуриста Дениса Тена в 2018 года.

«Разумеется, все эти обобщение про "мы" и "они" совершенно некорректны. Однако эти некорректные обобщения возникали в тот момент в голове каждого», — считает автор.

Отставка же Назарбаева, отмечает он, спустила «крючок» эмиграции не сама по себе: русскоязычных казахстанцев «шокировало» столь «восточное», «незападное» переименование столицы в его честь.

«Многие это восприняли как сигнал к бегству. Другие же услышали: "Пришла пора мимикрировать"», — полагает журналист.
https://news.rambler.ru/world/41985973-russkoyazychnye-pokidayut-kazahstan/

Дата публикации: 05.04.2019


 
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